Legal Brief - Definition, Examples, Cases, Processes


legal brief outline

Apr 06,  · A legal brief is a document that makes an argument as to why the person filing the brief should win the case or otherwise see his motion granted. This document contains the issues in dispute, the facts of the matter, and arguments in support of the party’s position. Legal Mistakes to Avoid When Writing a Case Brief Mistakes are a lot more disastrous especially when they are made when writing legal documents. So whether you’re writing a case brief or any other kind of legal document, it would be helpful for you to know these common mistakes to avoid. Nov 12,  · A written outline of all the information and arguments on one side of a legal controversy; Origin. Middle English bref. What is the Purpose of a Brief. In a legal matter, a brief is a written statement of facts and the legal issues which form the basis of the lawsuit or other action.

How To Write a Legal Brief - Associate's Mind

How to write a case brief for law school: Excerpt reproduced from Introduction legal brief outline the Study of Law: Cases and Materials. The previous section described the parts of a case in order to make it easier to read and identify legal brief outline pertinent information that you will use to create your briefs. This section will describe the parts of a brief in order to give you an idea about what a brief is, what is helpful to include in a brief, and what purpose it serves.

Case briefs are a necessary study aid in law school that helps to encapsulate and analyze the mountainous mass of material that law students must digest. The case brief represents a final product after reading a case, rereading it, taking it apart, and putting it back together again.

Who will read your brief? Most professors will espouse the value of briefing but will never ask to see that you have, in fact, briefed. You are the person that the brief will serve! Keep this in mind when deciding what elements to include as part of your brief and when deciding what information to include under those elements. What are the elements of a brief? Different people will tell you to include different things in your brief. Most likely, upon entering law school, legal brief outline, this will happen with one or more of your instructors, legal brief outline.

While opinions may vary, four elements that are essential to any useful brief are the following:. If legal brief outline include nothing but these four elements, you should have everything you need in order to recall effectively the information from the case during class or several months later when studying for exams.

Because legal brief outline are made for yourself, you may want to include other elements that expand the four elements listed above. Depending on the case, the inclusion of additional elements may be useful.

For example, a case that has a long and important section expounding dicta might call for a separate section in your brief labeled: Dicta. Whatever elements you decide to include, however, remember that the brief is a tool intended for personal use. To the extent that more elements will help with organization and use of the brief, include them.

On the other hand, if you find that legal brief outline more elements makes your brief cumbersome and hard to use, cut back on the number of elements. At a minimum, however, make sure you include the four elements listed above. Personal comments can be useful if you have legal brief outline thought that does not fit elsewhere, legal brief outline. In the personal experience of one of the authors, this element was used to label cases as specific kinds e. This element allowed him to release his thoughts without losing them so that he could move on to other cases.

In addition to these elements, it may help you to organize your thoughts, as some people do, by dividing Facts into separate elements:. Procedural History is usually minimal and most of the time irrelevant to the ultimate importance of a case; however, this is not always true.

One subject in which Procedure History is virtually always relevant is Civil Procedure. When describing the Judgment of the case, distinguish it from the Holding. Remember that the purpose of a brief is to remind you of the important details that make the case significant in terms of the law. It will be a reference tool when you are drilled by a professor and will be a study aid when you prepare for exams.

A brief is also like a puzzle piece. The elements of the brief create the unique shape and colors of the piece, and, legal brief outline, when combined with other pieces, legal brief outline, the picture of the common law takes form. A well-constructed brief will save you lots of time by removing the need to return to the case to remember the important details and also by making it easier to put together the pieces of the common legal brief outline puzzle. Legal brief outline now that you know the basic elements of a brief, what information is important to include under each element?

The simple answer is: whatever is relevant. But legal brief outline parts of a case are relevant? When you read your first few cases, you may think that everything that the judge said was relevant to his ultimate conclusion.

Even if this were true, what is relevant for the judge to make his decision is not always relevant for you to include in your brief. Remember, the reason to make a brief is not to persuade the world that the ultimate decision in the case is a sound one, legal brief outline, but rather to aid in refreshing your memory concerning the most important parts of the case.

What facts are relevant to include in a brief? You should include the facts that are necessary to remind you of the story. If you forget the story, you will not remember how the law in the case was applied. You should also include the facts that are dispositive to the decision in the case.

For instance, legal brief outline, if the fact that a car is white is a determining factor in the case, legal brief outline, the brief should note that the case involves a white car and not simply a car. To the extent that the procedural history either helps you to remember the case or plays an important role in the ultimate outcome, you should include these facts as well.

What issues and conclusions are relevant to include in a brief? There is usually one main issue on which the court rests its decision. This may seem simple, but the court may talk about multiple issues, and may discuss multiple arguments from both sides of the case. Be sure to distinguish the issues legal brief outline the arguments made by the parties. The relevant issue or issues, and corresponding conclusions, are the ones for which the court made a final decision and which are binding.

The court may discuss intermediate conclusions or issues, but stay focused on the main issue and conclusion which binds future courts. What rationale is important to include in a brief? This is probably the most difficult aspect of the case to determine. Remember that everything that is discussed may have been relevant to the judge, but it is not necessarily relevant to the rationale of the decision. The goal is to remind yourself of the basic reasoning that the court used to come to its decision and the key factors that made the decision favor one side or the other.

A brief should be brief! Overly long or cumbersome briefs are not very helpful because you will not be able to skim them easily when you review your notes or when the professor drills you. On the other hand, a legal brief outline that is too short will legal brief outline equally unhelpful because it lacks sufficient information to refresh your memory.

Try to keep your briefs to one page in length. This will make it easy for you to organize and reference them. Do not get discouraged. Learning to brief and figuring out exactly what to include will take time and practice. The more you brief, the easier it will become to extract the relevant information. While a brief is an extremely helpful and important study aid, legal brief outline, annotating and highlighting are other tools for breaking down the mass of material in your casebook.

The remainder of this section will discuss these different techniques and show how they complement and enhance the briefing process. Many of you probably already read with a pencil or pen, but if you do not, now is the time to get in the habit. Cases are so dense and full of information that you will find yourself spending considerable amounts of time rereading cases to find what you need. An effective way to reduce this time is to annotate the margins of the casebook.

Your pencil or pen will be one of your best friends while reading a case. It will allow you to mark off the different sections such as facts, procedural history, or conclusionsthus allowing you to clear your mind of thoughts and providing an invaluable resource when briefing and reviewing. You might be wondering why annotating is important if you make legal brief outline adequate, well-constructed brief.

By their very nature briefs cannot cover everything in a case. Even with a thorough, well-constructed legal brief outline you may legal brief outline to reference the original case in order to reread dicta that might not have seemed important at the time, to review the complete procedural history or set of facts, or to scour the rationale for a better understanding of the case; annotating makes these tasks easier.

Whether you return to a case after a few hours or a few months, annotations will swiftly guide you to the pertinent parts of the case by providing a roadmap of the important sections.

Your textual markings and margin notes will refresh your memory and restore specific thoughts you might have had about either the case in general or an individual passage. Annotations will also remind you of forgotten thoughts and random ideas by providing a medium for personal comments.

In addition to making it easier to review an original case, annotating cases during the first review of a case makes the briefing process easier. With adequate annotations, the important details needed for your brief will be much easier to retrieve, legal brief outline.

Without annotations, you will likely have difficulty locating the information you seek even in the short cases. It might seem strange that it would be hard to reference a short case, but even a short case will likely take you at least fifteen to twenty-five minutes to read, while longer cases may take as much as thirty minutes to an hour to complete. No matter how long it takes, the dense material of all cases makes it difficult to remember all your thoughts, and trying to locate specific sections of the analysis may feel like you are trying to locate a needle in a haystack.

An annotation in the margin, however, will not only swiftly guide you to a pertinent section, legal brief outline, but will also refresh the thoughts that you had while reading that section. When you read a case for the first time, read for the story and for a basic understanding of the dispute, the issues, the rationale, and the decision. As you hit these elements or what you think are these elements make a mark in the margins.

When a case sparks an idea — write that idea in the margin as well — you never know when a seemingly irrelevant idea might turn into something more.

Finally, when you spot a particularly important part of the text, underline it or highlight it as described below, legal brief outline. With a basic understanding of the case, and with annotations in the margin, the second read-through of the case should be much easier.

You can direct your reading to legal brief outline most important sections and will have an easier time identifying what is and is not important. Continue rereading the case until you have identified all the relevant information that you need to make your brief, including the issue sthe facts, the holding, and the relevant parts of the analysis. Pencil or pen — legal brief outline is better to use when annotating?

Our recommendation is a mechanical pencil. Mechanical pencils make finer markings than regular pencils, and also than ballpoint pens, legal brief outline. Although you might think a pencil might smear more than a pen, with its sharp point a mechanical pencil uses very little excess lead and will not smear as much as you might imagine.

A mechanical pencil will also give you the freedom to make mistakes without consequences. When you first start annotating, legal brief outline, you may think that some passages are more important than they really are, and therefore you may resist the urge to make a mark in order to preserve your book and prevent false guideposts.

With a pencil, however, the ability to erase and rewrite removes this problem. Why highlight? Like annotating, highlighting may seem unimportant if you create thorough, well-constructed briefs, but highlighting directly helps you to brief.

It makes legal brief outline, especially the more complicated ones, easy to digest, review and use to extract information.


How to Write a Case Brief for Law School | LexisNexis


legal brief outline


(2) Brief Answer, (3) Facts, (4) Discussion, and (5) Conclusion. This is the best way to approach learning to draft effective legal memos. But keep in mind that, in practice, attorneys often prefer that memos do not adhere to this standard format. How to Write a Legal Brief. Writing competent and persuasive legal briefs is an essential skill for trial attorneys in common law jurisdictions. Some briefs are written with the specific purpose of not having to argue during a hearing, which means that confident attorneys who feel confident about the merits of their cases will expect to obtain. Apr 06,  · A legal brief is a document that makes an argument as to why the person filing the brief should win the case or otherwise see his motion granted. This document contains the issues in dispute, the facts of the matter, and arguments in support of the party’s position.